The Education system in the UK, is generally looked up to globally and many people around the world aim to send their children to the UK for their education.
The National Curriculum is constructed in five Key Stages:
Key Stage 1 - Foundation year and Years 1 to 2 - for pupils aged between 5 and 7 years old
Key Stage 2 - Years 3 to 6 - for pupils aged between 8 and 11 years old
Key Stage 3 - Years 7 to 9 - for pupils aged between 12 and 14 years old,
Key Stage 4 - Years 10 to 11 - for pupils aged between 15 and 16 years old, and
Key Stage 5 - Years 12 to 13 - for pupils aged between 17 and 18 years old.
In Scotland, pupils move to secondary education at the age of 12. At the age of 16 they take exams called Standard Grades and then move on to Highers and Advanced Highers. These are very similar to the English Advanced Subsidiary and Advanced Level courses. In the rest of the UK, at age 16, students take their major examination, The General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE). The GCSE is an academically rigorous, internationally recognised qualification (by Commonwealth countries with education systems similar or identical to the UK education system) awarded for the various subjects that the students undertake. GCSE subjects can vary school to school. The subjects like English, Maths, Chemistry, Biology, Physics are standard and are taken by all students.