There is a national curriculum that is placed in all primary and secondary school key stages so that all students are given the equal opportunity to learn the same subjects. Schools that are not state/public and are classed as private schools don’t have to follow the national curriculum. They must however teach a broad and balanced curriculum including English, maths and science. They must also teach religious education.
The primary school stage is where the foundation is laid very strongly. In the UK, strong emphasis is made on experimental learning and students are not forced to be all book- centric. The classes are fun and students are encouraged to explore the subject in several ways. In comparison to other countries, students are made to make full use of their school time and are not required to bring heavy bags to and from school to home. Most of the work is completed in the classroom and the teachers are trained to pay attention the needs of the child. The primary school stages also known as Key stage 1 and 2 :(Key Stage 1 - Foundation year and Years 1 to 2 - for pupils aged between 5 and 7 years old; Key Stage 2 - Years 3 to 6 - for pupils aged between 8 and 11 years old)
Compulsory national curriculum subjects at primary school are:
English, maths, science, design and technology, history, geography, art and design, music
physical education (PE), including swimming, computing and lastly ancient and modern foreign languages.